Introduction: Pharmacists prescribe contraception in some states following expansions in scope of practice. Adequate education on contraception in pharmacy curricula is crucial to effectively deliver these services.
Methods: A 26-item survey assessing contraception curricula regarding was administered by email to instructors and administrators at 139 pharmacy schools in the United States. The survey assessed teaching methods, hours taught, topic content, and opinion of adequacy of contraceptive education provided by the program.
Results: The survey achieved a response rate of 40% (n = 56). All programs that responded offer emergency contraception and hormonal contraception content, 96% offer non-hormonal over-the-counter contraception content, and 91% offer long-acting reversible hormonal contraception content. Average number of hours taught were as follows: non-hormonal over-the-counter contraception 2.0 hours, emergency contraception 0.9 hours, hormonal contraception 3.0 hours, long-acting reversible hormonal contraception 0.8 hours, and non-reversible hormonal contraception 0.5 hours. Patient cases were most used to supplement didactic content in all topics. Standardized patient interviews were used less frequently for both hormonal contraception (25%) and emergency contraception (7%). About 68% of programs agreed or strongly agreed that the contraceptive education provided by the program was adequate. A majority (70%) indicated interest in a standardized contraceptive curriculum.
Conclusions: Contraceptive education is broadly covered in didactic curricula within pharmacy education. Further assessment and development of curricula standards may be warranted to assess quality and adequacy of contraceptive education in pharmacy.
Keywords: Contraception; Curriculum; Education; Pharmacists; Women's health.
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