Current Device-based Clinical Treatments for Tinnitus

Otolaryngol Clin North Am. 2020 Aug;53(4):627-636. doi: 10.1016/j.otc.2020.03.010. Epub 2020 Apr 23.


Device-based clinical treatments for tinnitus are predominantly sound based and include ear-level sound generators, hearing aids, cochlear implants, and tinnitus treatment devices. They are intended for patients with bothersome tinnitus. Bothersome tinnitus is characterized by problems with sleep, concentration, and mood. Most people with bothersome tinnitus have hearing loss and would benefit from amplification; however, not all patients are willing to use hearing aids. Tinnitus treatment devices are available to assist those who are not good candidates for amplification, and include devices used while sleeping and devices used for specified periods during the day.

Keywords: Cochlear implants; Hearing aids; Sound therapy; Tinnitus treatment devices.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Cochlear Implantation
  • Health Expenditures
  • Hearing Aids*
  • Hearing Loss / complications
  • Hearing Loss / rehabilitation*
  • Humans
  • Patient Preference
  • Practice Guidelines as Topic
  • Tinnitus / complications
  • Tinnitus / psychology
  • Tinnitus / therapy*