Long-Lasting Effects of the 2013 Yolanda Typhoon on Overall Health of Mothers and Children

Disaster Med Public Health Prep. 2021 Jun;15(3):344-351. doi: 10.1017/dmp.2020.40. Epub 2020 Apr 27.


Objectives: Three years after the 2013 Yolanda Typhoon, this study sought to determine the factors associated with the stress of the affected mothers and the health of the children on Leyte island, and the preparedness of the community to mitigate future potential disasters.

Methods: Three hundred mothers with children from 0 to 7 years old were selected through convenience sampling, structured interviews conducted using the Hurricane-Related Traumatic Experiences questionnaire and the PTSD (post-traumatic stress disorder) Checklist 5 (PCL5), and the children's weights and heights were measured.

Results: The provisional PTSD prevalence was found to be 53.3% 3 y after Yolanda. The multiple regression analysis with multiple imputation for the missing values found that housing and childcare attitudes were significantly associated with preparedness.

Conclusions: This study concluded that living in multistoried houses was useful for disaster mitigation and that the caregiving responsibility for their children could be a disaster preparedness motivation for mothers.

Keywords: emergency preparedness; maternal and child health; multiple imputation method; posttraumatic stress disorder; typhoon.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Child
  • Child, Preschool
  • Cyclonic Storms*
  • Disasters*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Infant
  • Infant, Newborn
  • Mothers
  • Prevalence
  • Stress Disorders, Post-Traumatic* / epidemiology