Women and Underrepresented Minorities in Academic Anesthesiology

Anesthesiol Clin. 2020 Jun;38(2):449-457. doi: 10.1016/j.anclin.2020.01.004.


The demographics of the United States is changing with 51% of the population being female, and 32% of the population identifying as an underrepresented minority (URM, ie, African American/black, Hispanic/Latino, American Indian/Alaska Native, Native Hawaiian/Pacific Islander). Women and URMs have been historically underrepresented in medicine and in academic anesthesiology. This article provides an overview of the current status of women and URM faculty in academic anesthesiology and provides a framework for academic advancement. Throughout the text, the terms woman/women are used, as opposed to female, as the terms woman/women refer to gender, and female refers to biological sex.

Keywords: Academic anesthesiology; Diversity; Gender; Leadership; Underrepresented minorities; Women.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Academies and Institutes
  • Anesthesiology* / trends
  • Authorship
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Leadership
  • Minority Groups*
  • Physicians, Women*
  • Workforce