(1) Background: Colorectal cancer (CRC) is among the best examples of the relationship between inflammation and increased cancer risk. (2) Methods: To examine the effects of spontaneous low-grade chronic inflammation on the pathogenesis of CRC, we developed a new murine model of colitis-associated cancer (CAC) by crossing Mucin 2 mutated mice (Winnie) with ApcMin/+ mice. (3) Results: The resulting Winnie-ApcMin/+ model combines an inflammatory background with a genetic predisposition to small intestinal polyposis. Winnie-ApcMin/+ mice show an early occurrence of inflammatory signs and dysplastic lesions in the distal colon with a specific molecular signature. (4) Conclusion: The Winnie-ApcMin/+ model is a perfect model to demonstrate that chronic inflammation represents a crucial risk factor for the onset and progression of tumoral lesions in individuals genetically predisposed to CRC.
Keywords: Aberrant Crypt Foci; colorectal cancer; inflammation; murine model.