The separation of deleterious from benign mutations remains a key challenge in the interpretation of genomic data. Computational methods used to sort mutations based on their potential deleteriousness rely largely on conservation measures derived from sequence alignments. Here, we introduce LIST-S2, a successor to our previously developed approach LIST, which aims to exploit local sequence identity and taxonomy distances in quantifying the conservation of human protein sequences. Unlike its predecessor, LIST-S2 is not limited to human sequences but can assess conservation and make predictions for sequences from any organism. Moreover, we provide a web-tool and downloadable software to compute and visualize the deleteriousness of mutations in user-provided sequences. This web-tool contains an HTML interface and a RESTful API to submit and manage sequences as well as a browsable set of precomputed predictions for a large number of UniProtKB protein sequences of common taxa. LIST-S2 is available at: https://list-s2.msl.ubc.ca/.
© The Author(s) 2020. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of Nucleic Acids Research.