Seed biopriming is an emerging technique to enhance seed germination under stress conditions. An integrated approach of tomato seed biopriming with ascorbic acid, Trichoderma asperellum BHU P-1 and Ochrobactrum sp. BHU PB-1 was applied to observe the response against wilt pathogen of tomato Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. lycopersici (FOL). Tomato seeds bioprimed with the aforementioned application expressed augmented seed germination and activated of defense response. Seed germination was recorded higher (80 %) at low concentration (1 pM) of ascorbic acid as compared to high concentration of 1 mM (41 %). Combination of both ascorbic acid and antagonistic microbe treatments (T5 & T6) significantly reduced disease incidence (up to 28 %) in tomato plants at 10 days. T5 and T6 treated plants exhibited higher accumulation of total phenol content and increased activity of Phenylammonia lyase (PAL), Peroxidase (PO), Chitinase (Chi) and Polyphenol oxidase (PPO) as compared to control (T1) plants. ROS formation in the form of H2O2 was also found to be reduced in combined treatment. Histochemical analysis revealed that phenylpropanoid pathway (lignin deposition) was more activated in combined priming treatment plants as compared to individual treatment upon challenge inoculation with FOL. Transcript expression analysis of defense genes confirmed the up-regulation of PAL (2.1 fold), Chi (0.92 fold), Pathogenesis related proteins (PR) (1.58 fold) and Lipoxygenase (Lox) (0.72 fold) in T6 treatment as compared to T1 treatment plants at 96 h. This study reveals that ascorbic acid treatment with antagonistic microbes through seed priming effectively induced seed germination and elicited defense mechanism to control wilt disease in tomato plants.
Keywords: Ascorbic acid; Biological control; Biopriming; Induced resistance; Ochrobactrum; Trichoderma.
Copyright © 2020 Elsevier GmbH. All rights reserved.