The "teaching time-out": a novel framework for surgical education

Can J Surg. 2020 May 1;63(3):E208-E210. doi: 10.1503/cjs.005919.


In the decade since its inception, the World Health Organization's surgical safety checklist has fundamentally changed the conduct of surgery the world over. A critical component of the checklist - the "pause" or "time-out" - requires all operating room staff to stop other activities and together review critical information about the case to ensure that nothing is missed. Surgical trainees in Canada are transitioning to a competency-based medical education model; a core aspect of this model requires trainees to advocate for their own learning goals. We propose the use of a detailed and formalized preoperative pause as a means to enable superior and more targeted intraoperative learning for surgical trainees.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Attitude of Health Personnel*
  • Canada
  • Checklist*
  • Competency-Based Education / methods*
  • Education, Medical, Graduate / methods*
  • Humans
  • Learning
  • Operating Rooms
  • Orthopedics / education*