Background: Coil embolization of ruptured bifurcation aneurysms is challenging and often necessitates adjunctive stenting, which requires antiplatelet therapy in the setting of subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH). The Woven EndoBridge (WEB; Terumo) device is an alternative self-expanding 3D mesh that does not require antiplatelet agents. However, its use has been mostly reserved for unruptured aneurysms.
Objective: To assess the safety and feasibility of ruptured aneurysm treatment with the WEB.
Methods: Retrospective analysis of 9 SAH patients with 11 aneurysms that were treated with the WEB device at 2 institutions after FDA approval.
Results: Hunt and Hess grades were III and IV in 4 (44%) each and V in 1 (11%). All patients were treated within 24 h of hospitalization, and a single WEB was used in all but one aneurysm. Aneurysms treated were 3 basilar tip, 2 anterior communicating artery, 2 posterior inferior cerebellarartery, 1 middle cerebral artery, 1 carotid-ophthalmic artery, 1 posterior communicating artery, and 1 vertebrobasilar junction. Mean aneurysm height and width were 6.2 ± 2.2 mm (range: 3-10) and 5.6 ± 3.0 mm (range: 3.3-14), respectively. Mean dome-to-neck ratio was 1.7 ± 0.8 (range: 1.0-3.8). There was one intraoperative rupture that occurred because of device dislodgement and was managed with embolization. There were no treatment-related mortalities and no re-rupture after securement of the aneurysms with the WEB.
Conclusion: Our preliminary experience indicates that the WEB device can be used safely for ruptured aneurysms of various sizes in the anterior and posterior circulation. Larger series with long-term follow-up are necessary to confirm our findings.
Keywords: Cerebral aneurysm; Embolization; Endovascular; Subarachnoid hemorrhage; WEB device.
Copyright © 2020 by the Congress of Neurological Surgeons.