Barriers and facilitators to dissemination and adoption of precision medicine among Hispanics/Latinos

BMC Public Health. 2020 May 1;20(1):603. doi: 10.1186/s12889-020-08718-1.

Abstract

Background: With the rapid advances in gene technologies in recent years, the potential benefits of precision medicine (PM) may spread unevenly to disadvantaged populations, such as Hispanics/Latinos. The objective of this study was to explore patient-level barriers and facilitators to dissemination and adoption of PM among Hispanics/Latinos, including knowledge and awareness.

Methods: Self-identified Hispanics/Latinos from diverse countries in Latin America (N = 41) participated in the study. Using a cross-sectional observational qualitative research design, six focus groups and a demographic questionnaire were collected in English and Spanish. Qualitative content analysis was utilized to code the transcripts and identify emerging themes.

Results: Hispanics/Latinos never heard of and had no knowledge about PM. Barriers to dissemination and adoption of PM included lack of health insurance, financial burden, participants' immigration status, distrust of government, limited English proficiency, low literacy levels, cultural norms, fear about genetic testing results, lack of transportation, newness of PM, and lack of information about PM. Facilitators included family support; information provided in Spanish; use of plain language and graphics; assistance programs for uninsured; trust in physicians, healthcare staff, well-known hospitals, academic institutions, and health care providers and community organization as sources of reliable information; personal motivation, and altruism or societal benefit.

Conclusions: Culturally-and linguistically-tailored, low-literacy educational material about PM should be created in English and Spanish. Future research should examine provider-level and system-level barriers and facilitators to implementation and adoption of PM among Hispanic/Latino patients.

Keywords: Adoption; Awareness; Barriers; Disparities; Dissemination; Facilitators; Hispanics; Knowledge; Latinos; Precision medicine.

Publication types

  • Observational Study

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Communication Barriers*
  • Cross-Sectional Studies
  • Female
  • Focus Groups
  • Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice*
  • Hispanic Americans / psychology*
  • Hispanic Americans / statistics & numerical data*
  • Humans
  • Latin America
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Precision Medicine / psychology*
  • Precision Medicine / statistics & numerical data*
  • Qualitative Research
  • Young Adult