Neurovascular pathologies of the central nervous system (CNS), which are associated with barrier dysfunction, are leading causes of death and disability. The roles that neuronal and glial progenitors and mature cells play in CNS angiogenesis and neurovascular barrier maturation have been elucidated in recent years. Yet how neuronal activity influences these processes remains largely unexplored. Here, we discuss our current understanding of how neuronal and glial development affects CNS angiogenesis and barriergenesis, and outline future directions to elucidate how neuronal activity might influence these processes. An understanding of these mechanisms is crucial for developing new interventions to treat neurovascular pathologies.
Keywords: Angiogenesis; Astrocytes; Basement membrane; Blood-brain barrier; Blood-retina barrier; Light response; Müller glia; Neuroglial progenitors; Neuronal activity; Neurovascular unit; Radial glia; Retinal waves.
© 2020. Published by The Company of Biologists Ltd.