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Review
. 2020 Apr;12(4):215-229.
doi: 10.14740/jocmr4142. Epub 2020 Mar 30.

COVID-19, Modern Pandemic: A Systematic Review From Front-Line Health Care Providers' Perspective

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Free PMC article
Review

COVID-19, Modern Pandemic: A Systematic Review From Front-Line Health Care Providers' Perspective

Mamtha Balla et al. J Clin Med Res. .
Free PMC article

Abstract

Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) caused infection in 168,000 cases worldwide in about 148 countries and killed more than 6,610 people around the world as of March 16, 2020, as per the World Health Organization (WHO). Compared to severe acute respiratory syndrome and Middle East respiratory syndrome, there is the rapid transmission, long incubation period, and disease containment is becoming extremely difficult. The main aim of this systematic review is to provide a comprehensive clinical summary of all the available data from high-quality research articles relevant to the epidemiology, demographics, trends in hospitalization and outcomes, clinical signs and symptoms, diagnostic methods and treatment methods of COVID-19, thus increasing awareness in health care providers. We also discussed various preventive measures to combat COVID-19 effectively. A systematic and protocol-driven approach is needed to contain this disease, which was declared as a global pandemic on March 11, 2020, by the WHO.

Keywords: COVID-19; Middle East respiratory syndrome; Pandemic; Severe acute respiratory syndrome; Systematic review; nCOVID.

Conflict of interest statement

None to declare.

Figures

Figure 1
Figure 1
Number of patients, average age and age range.
Figure 2
Figure 2
Male and female ratio.
Figure 3
Figure 3
Clinical signs and symptoms.
Figure 4
Figure 4
Temperature in centigrade at presentation.
Figure 5
Figure 5
Laboratory and radiological findings.
Figure 6
Figure 6
Course of hospitalization.

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