Lactobacillus plantarum Induces Apoptosis in Gastric Cancer Cells via Modulation of Signaling Pathways in Helicobacter pylori

Bioimpacts. 2020;10(2):65-72. doi: 10.34172/bi.2020.09. Epub 2019 Jun 28.

Abstract

Introduction: Gastric cancer is considered the second prevalent cause of death around the world. This type of cancer is generally induced by Helicobacter pylori which could colonize within the gastric mucosa of the infected cases. To date, triple antibiotic therapy has routinely been utilized for controlling the H. pylori- induced infection. However, this strategy has been unsuccessful, in large part because of issues such as occurring point mutations in the H. pylori genome that can induce resistance to the antibiotics administered. Recently, it has been shown that different probiotics may have strong anti-cancer effects, in which they are capable of inhibiting H. pylori by both immunological and non-immunological mechanisms. Here, we aimed at finding possible anti-cancer impacts of the probiotic bacterium Lactobacillus plantarum on gastric cancer, AGS cells. Methods: The anti-cancer effects of the conditioned media of the locally isolated L. plantarum on the AGS cells were evaluated by different analyses such as flow cytometry, DNA ladder assay, DAPI staining, and RT-PCR. Results: Our findings showed that the conditioned media of L. plantarum can inhibit both H. pylori and AGS cells through up-/down-regulation of PTEN, Bax, TLR4, and AKT genes. The exudates of the probiotic L. plantarum bacteria can increase the expression of PTEN, Bax, and TLR4, and also decrease the expression of AKT gene. Conclusion: In agreement with different reports, our results proved the anti-cancer effects of the locally isolated L. plantarum through some immunological cell signaling pathways. Accordingly, it seems the probiotics could be considered as at least a complementary treatment for different types of malignancies.

Keywords: AKT; Apoptosis; Gastric cancer; Helicobacter pylori; Lactobacillus plantarum; PTEN.