Aspergillus alliaceus infection fatally shifts Orobanche hormones and phenolic metabolism

Braz J Microbiol. 2020 Sep;51(3):883-892. doi: 10.1007/s42770-020-00283-4. Epub 2020 May 3.

Abstract

In this study, the physio pathological effects of Aspergillus alliaceus (Aa, fungi, biocontrol agent) on Orobanche (parasitic plant) were investigated by hormone and phenolic substance tests. In experimental group, Orobanches were treated with the fungi, considering control group was fungus-free. Based on the hormonal tests, in the experimental group, salicylic acid (SA), jasmonic acid (JA), abscisic acid (ABA) and gibberellic acid (GA) levels significantly decreased, and only indole acetic acid (IAA) hormone levels were fairly higher than the control group. According to phenolic substance tests, it was found that only gallic acid, syringic acid and caffeic acid values significantly increased compared with control, and catechin and p-coumaric acid values were significantly lower. Consequently, it was determined that Aa pathogenesis (1) considerably reduces the effects of all defence hormones (JA, ABA, SA), (2) operates an inadequate defence based solely on the IAA hormone and several phenolic substances (gallic acid, syringic acid and caffeic acid), (3) and inevitably the fungi lead the Orobanche to a slow and continuous death. The results were evaluated in detail in the light of similar recent article and current literature in terms of biocontrol and pathology.

Keywords: Asteraceae; Bioherbicide; Herbicide; Mycoherbicide; Phelipanche; Phytoparasite.

MeSH terms

  • Aspergillus / physiology*
  • Biological Control Agents*
  • Helianthus / parasitology
  • Orobanche / immunology
  • Orobanche / metabolism*
  • Orobanche / microbiology
  • Phenols / analysis
  • Phenols / metabolism
  • Plant Diseases / parasitology
  • Plant Diseases / prevention & control
  • Plant Growth Regulators / analysis
  • Plant Growth Regulators / metabolism
  • Secondary Metabolism

Substances

  • Biological Control Agents
  • Phenols
  • Plant Growth Regulators

Supplementary concepts

  • Aspergillus alliaceus