A multinational, prospective, observational study to estimate complete skin clearance in patients with moderate-to-severe plaque PSOriasis treated with BIOlogics in a REAL world setting (PSO-BIO-REAL)

J Eur Acad Dermatol Venereol. 2020 Nov;34(11):2566-2573. doi: 10.1111/jdv.16568. Epub 2020 Jun 8.

Abstract

Background: Anti-tumour necrosis factor (TNF) and anti-interleukin (IL)-12/23 biologics revolutionized plaque psoriasis treatment by enabling ≥75% improvement in the Psoriasis Area and Severity Index (PASI 75) in clinical trials. Modern biologics are now reported to achieve PASI 100 (complete skin clearance) in clinical trials. However, real-world evidence of skin clearance rates with biologics is limited. PSO-BIO-REAL was conducted to understand the real-world burden of plaque psoriasis.

Objective: The primary objective of this observational study was to estimate the proportion of patients who achieved complete skin clearance at 6 months. Secondary objectives included maintenance of response and evaluation of complete skin clearance at 12 months.

Methods: PSO-BIO-REAL was a multinational, prospective, real-world, non-interventional study of skin clearance and patient-reported outcomes (PROs) with biologics. A total of 846 patients from the United States (32%), France (28%), Italy (22%), the United Kingdom (11%) and Germany (8%) were enrolled and followed for one year. Eligible patients were aged ≥18 years with moderate-to-severe plaque psoriasis who had initiated a biologic for plaque psoriasis. Patients could be biologic-naïve or switching biologics (biologic-experienced). Assessments were made at baseline and at months 6 and 12.

Results: At 6 and 12 months, 23% and 26% of patients achieved complete skin clearance, respectively. Prior to study entry, 60% were biologic-naïve. The proportion of patients achieving complete skin clearance was lower among biologic-experienced patients (20% at both months 6 and 12) compared with biologic-naïve patients (25% at month 6, 30% at month 12). The rate of complete skin clearance decreased as the number of prior biologics and baseline comorbidities increased.

Conclusion: Only one in four patients achieved complete skin clearance after 6 months of treatment with biologics. The study indicates there still is an unmet need for more efficacious biologics for patients with psoriasis.

Publication types

  • Observational Study

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Biological Products* / therapeutic use
  • France
  • Germany
  • Humans
  • Italy
  • Prospective Studies
  • Psoriasis* / drug therapy
  • United Kingdom

Substances

  • Biological Products