TREC-COVID: rationale and structure of an information retrieval shared task for COVID-19

J Am Med Inform Assoc. 2020 Jul 1;27(9):1431-1436. doi: 10.1093/jamia/ocaa091.

Abstract

TREC-COVID is an information retrieval (IR) shared task initiated to support clinicians and clinical research during the COVID-19 pandemic. IR for pandemics breaks many normal assumptions, which can be seen by examining 9 important basic IR research questions related to pandemic situations. TREC-COVID differs from traditional IR shared task evaluations with special considerations for the expected users, IR modality considerations, topic development, participant requirements, assessment process, relevance criteria, evaluation metrics, iteration process, projected timeline, and the implications of data use as a post-task test collection. This article describes how all these were addressed for the particular requirements of developing IR systems under a pandemic situation. Finally, initial participation numbers are also provided, which demonstrate the tremendous interest the IR community has in this effort.

Keywords: COVID-19; information retrieval; shared task.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Betacoronavirus*
  • COVID-19
  • Coronavirus Infections*
  • Humans
  • Information Storage and Retrieval* / methods
  • Pandemics*
  • Pneumonia, Viral*
  • SARS-CoV-2
  • Search Engine