Potential of lumbodorsal fascia forces to generate back extension moments during squat lifts

J Biomed Eng. 1988 Jul;10(4):312-8. doi: 10.1016/0141-5425(88)90060-x.


The lumbodorsal fascia (LDF) has been implicated in numerous biomechanical interpretations of low back mechanics as a tissue that provides support to the lumbar spine during demanding load bearing. One hypothesis is that oblique abdominal muscle forces contribute to trunk extensor moment by transforming lateral abdominal tension into longitudinal tension via the LDF. However, a review of the anatomical literature supports the hypothesis that extensor forces in the LDF result from tension within the latissimus dorsi muscle. The purpose of our work was to evaluate the potential of the LDF to generate trunk extensor moment using two mathematical models: one that activated the LDF with the abdominals and another that activated the LDF with the latissimus dorsi. Efforts were made to represent the anatomy as accurately as possible. The results from three subjects performing six squat lifts each, suggested that the potential of the LDF to contribute significant extensor moment has been overestimated. In fact, the issue of whether the LDF is activated by the abdominals or the latissimus dorsi is irrelevant because neither strategy appeared able to generate sizable extensor moments in the type of lift studied.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Back / physiology*
  • Biomechanical Phenomena
  • Electromyography
  • Fascia / physiology*
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Movement
  • Reference Values
  • Sports*
  • Weight Lifting*