Characterization of Peptacetobacter hominis gen. nov., sp. nov., isolated from human faeces, and proposal for the reclassification of Clostridium hiranonis within the genus Peptacetobacter

Int J Syst Evol Microbiol. 2020 May;70(5):2988-2997. doi: 10.1099/ijsem.0.003925.


A novel, Gram-stain-positive, rod-shaped, non-motile, non-spore-forming, obligately anaerobic bacterium, designated strain ZHW00191T, was isolated from human faeces and characterized by using a polyphasic taxonomic approach. Growth occurred at 25-45 °C (optimum, 37-42 °C), at pH 5.5-10.0 (optimum, pH 6.5-7.0) and with 0-2 % (w/v) NaCl (optimum, 0 %). The end products of glucose fermentation were acetic acid, isobutyric acid and isovaleric acid and a small amount of propionic acid. The dominant cellular fatty acids (>10 %) of strain ZHW00191T were C16 : 0, C18 : 1 ω9с and C18 : 2ω6,9с. Its polar lipid profile comprised diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylglycerol, three unidentified phospholipids and ten unidentified glycolipids. Respiratory quinones were not detected. The cell-wall peptidoglycan contained meso-2,6-diaminopimelic acid, and the whole-cell sugars were ribose and glucose. The genomic DNA G+C content was 32.8 mol%. Analysis of the 16S rRNA gene sequence indicated that ZHW00191T was most closely related to Clostridium hiranonis TO-931T (95.3 % similarity). Average nucleotide identity (ANI) and digital DNA-DNA hybridization (dDDH) analyses with closely related reference strains indicated that reassociation values were both well below the thresholds of 95-96% and 70 % for species delineation, respectively. Based on phenotypic, chemotaxonomic and genetic studies, a novel genus, Peptacetobacter gen. nov., is proposed. The novel isolate ZHW00191T (=JCM 33482T=GDMCC 1.1530T) is proposed as the type strain of the type species Peptacetobacter hominis gen. nov., sp. nov. of the proposed new genus. Furthermore, it is proposed that Clostridium hiranonis be transferred to this novel genus, as Peptacetobacter hiranonis comb. nov.

Keywords: Peptacetobacter hiranonis comb. nov.; Peptacetobacter hominis gen. nov., sp. nov; genome analysis; polyphasic taxonomy.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Bacterial Typing Techniques
  • Base Composition
  • China
  • Clostridium / classification*
  • DNA, Bacterial / genetics
  • Diaminopimelic Acid / chemistry
  • Fatty Acids / chemistry
  • Feces / microbiology*
  • Glycolipids / chemistry
  • Gram-Positive Endospore-Forming Rods / classification*
  • Gram-Positive Endospore-Forming Rods / isolation & purification
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Nucleic Acid Hybridization
  • Peptidoglycan / chemistry
  • Phospholipids / chemistry
  • Phylogeny*
  • RNA, Ribosomal, 16S / genetics
  • Sequence Analysis, DNA


  • DNA, Bacterial
  • Fatty Acids
  • Glycolipids
  • Peptidoglycan
  • Phospholipids
  • RNA, Ribosomal, 16S
  • Diaminopimelic Acid