Correlates of Youth Vaping Flavor Preferences

Prev Med Rep. 2020 Apr 8;18:101094. doi: 10.1016/j.pmedr.2020.101094. eCollection 2020 Jun.

Abstract

Among youth who use electronic nicotine delivery systems (ENDS), e-cigarettes are often the first tobacco product tried. Flavor is a common reason for experimentation with e-cigarettes. This study assessed flavor preferences and the choice of ENDS as an initial product among youth by selected demographic characteristics. The analysis sample included 1549 participants who had ever tried ENDS, drawn from a national online survey of youth aged 13-18 in 2017. Fruit was the most common favorite flavor among ENDS users, followed by menthol/mint/wintergreen. Preference for flavor varied by age, sex and racial/ethnic background. ENDS were the tobacco products most likely to be tried first, particularly among participants under age 17. Those who preferred fruit flavor were twice as likely to have tried ENDS first, compared to those with other flavor preferences, while those who preferred menthol/mint/wintergreen flavor were half as likely to have tried ENDS first. Our findings support an association between flavor and ENDS use. Our research supports previous findings indicating that: 1) flavor is one of the primary reasons for experimentation with ENDS among youth; 2) fruit flavor is strongly associated with use of ENDS as the first tobacco product; and 3) preference of fruit flavor varies by age, sex and racial/ethnic background. These findings have relevance for developing targeted messages for specific youth audiences and implications for tobacco regulatory policies. In addition to January 2020 federal regulations, the authors recommend tighter restrictions, specifically that the marketing and sale of all e-cigarette flavors other than tobacco be eliminated.

Keywords: Adolescents; Electronic nicotine delivery systems; Vaping; Vulnerable populations.