Background: Patient age is a significant factor in preoperative selection for major abdominal surgery. The association of age, tumor biology, and postoperative outcomes in patients undergoing cytoreductive surgery (CRS) and hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy (HIPEC) remains ill-defined.
Methods: Retrospective analysis was performed for patients who underwent a CCR0/1 CRS/HIPEC from the US HIPEC Collaborative Database (2000-2017). Age was categorized into < 65 or ≥ 65 years. Primary outcome was postoperative major complications. Secondary outcomes were non-home discharge (NHD) and readmission. Analysis was stratified by disease histology: non-invasive (appendiceal LAMN/HAMN), and invasive (appendiceal/colorectal adenocarcinoma).
Results: Of 1090 patients identified, 22% were ≥ 65 (n = 240), 59% were female (n = 646), 25% had non-invasive (n = 276) and 51% had invasive (n = 555) histology. Median PCI was 13 (IQR 7-20). Patients ≥ 65 had a higher rate of major complications (37 vs 26%, p = 0.02), NHD (12 vs 5%, p < 0.01), and readmission (28 vs 22%, p = 0.05), compared to those < 65. For non-invasive histology, age ≥ 65 was not associated with major complications or NHD on multivariable analysis. For invasive histology, when accounting for PCI and CCR, age ≥ 65 was associated with major complications (OR 2.04, 95% CI 1.16-3.59, p = 0.01). When accounting for major complications, age ≥ 65 was associated with NHD (OR 2.54, 95% CI 1.08-5.98, p = 0.03). Age ≥ 65 was not predictive of readmission for any histology when accounting for major complications.
Conclusions: Age ≥ 65 years is an independent predictor for postoperative major complications and non-home discharge for invasive histology, but not non-invasive histology. These data inform preoperative counseling, risk stratification, and early discharge planning.