Banking on teeth - Stem cells and the dental office

Biomed J. 2020 Apr;43(2):124-133. doi: 10.1016/ Epub 2020 May 4.


Science and commerce advance together and the stem cell field is no exception. With the promise of cures for conditions as diverse as cancer, autism, neural degeneration, organ replacement and addiction, long-term preservation of dental stem cells is a growth market. The discovery nearly twenty years ago, of viable, multipotent, stem cells in dental pulp from both baby and adult teeth initiated, and drives, this market.The dental stem cell preservation services, "tooth banks", focus on the collection of a child's baby teeth, as they are shed naturally, and storage of the stem cells from within the pulp for therapeutic use in later years should the child require them. This review focuses on the procedures related to these stem cell storage services and may serve as an introduction for many to the practice of "tooth banking".

Keywords: Cryopreservation; Dental pulp stem cell; Dentistry; Endodontic; Exfoliated.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Cell Differentiation / physiology*
  • Cell Proliferation / physiology
  • Dental Offices*
  • Humans
  • Mesenchymal Stem Cells / cytology*
  • Tissue Banks*
  • Tooth, Deciduous* / pathology