Objective: To clarify the detailed pharmacokinetics (PK) of orally administered voriconazole in tear fluid (TF) of horses for evaluating the efficacy of voriconazole secreted into TF against equine keratomycosis.
Animals studied: Five healthy Thoroughbred horses.
Procedures: Voriconazole was administrated through a nasogastric tube to each horse at a single dose of 4.0 mg/kg. TF and blood samples were collected before and periodically throughout the 24 hours after administration. Voriconazole concentrations in plasma and TF samples were analyzed using liquid chromatography-electrospray tandem-mass spectrometry. The predicted voriconazole concentration in both samples following multiple dosing every 24 hours was simulated by the superposition principle.
Results: The mean maximum voriconazole concentrations in plasma and TF were 3.3 μg/mL at 1.5 h and 1.9 μg/mL at 1.6 h, respectively. Mean half-life in both samples were 16.4 and 25.2 h, respectively. The ratio of predicted AUC0-24 at steady state in TF (51.3 μg∙h/mL) to previously published minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) of Aspergillus and Fusarium species was >100 and 25.7, respectively.
Conclusions: This study demonstrated the detailed single-dose PK of voriconazole in TF after oral administration and simulated the predicted concentration curves in a multiple oral dosing. Based on the analyses of PK-PD, the simulation results indicated that repeated oral administration of voriconazole at 4.0 mg/kg/d achieves the ratio of AUC to MIC associated with treatment efficacy against Aspergillus species. The detailed PK-PD analyses against pathogenic fungi in TF can be used to provide evidence-based medicine for equine keratomycosis.
Keywords: Aspergillus; horse; keratomycosis; pharmacodynamics; pharmacokinetics; tear fluid.
© 2020 The Authors. Veterinary Ophthalmology published by Wiley Periodicals LLC on behalf of American College of Veterinary Ophthalmologists.