The Reissner Fiber Is Highly Dynamic In Vivo and Controls Morphogenesis of the Spine

Curr Biol. 2020 Jun 22;30(12):2353-2362.e3. doi: 10.1016/j.cub.2020.04.015. Epub 2020 May 7.

Abstract

Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) physiology is important for the development and homeostasis of the central nervous system, and its disruption has been linked to scoliosis in zebrafish [1, 2]. Suspended in the CSF is an extracellular structure called the Reissner fiber, which extends from the brain through the central canal of the spinal cord. Zebrafish scospondin-null mutants are unable to assemble a Reissner fiber and fail to form a straight body axis during embryonic development [3]. Here, we describe hypomorphic missense mutations of scospondin, which allow Reissner fiber assembly and extension of a straight axis. However, during larval development, these mutants display progressive Reissner fiber disassembly, which is concomitant with the emergence of axial curvatures and scoliosis in adult animals. Using a scospondin-GFP knockin zebrafish line, we demonstrate several dynamic properties of the Reissner fiber in vivo, including embryonic fiber assembly, the continuous rostral to caudal movement of the fiber within the brain and central canal, and subcommissural organ (SCO)-spondin-GFP protein secretion from the floor plate to merge with the fiber. Finally, we show that disassembly of the Reissner fiber is also associated with the progression of axial curvatures in distinct scoliosis mutant zebrafish models. Together, these data demonstrate a critical role for the Reissner fiber for the maintenance of a straight body axis and spine morphogenesis in adult zebrafish. Our study establishes a framework for future investigations to address the cellular effectors responsible for Reissner-fiber-dependent regulation of axial morphology. VIDEO ABSTRACT.

Keywords: Reissner fiber; SCO-spondin; scoliosis; zebrafish.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Cell Adhesion Molecules, Neuronal / genetics*
  • Cell Adhesion Molecules, Neuronal / metabolism
  • Morphogenesis*
  • Spine / abnormalities
  • Spine / growth & development*
  • Zebrafish / abnormalities*
  • Zebrafish / growth & development

Substances

  • Cell Adhesion Molecules, Neuronal
  • SCO-spondin