The Right to A Clean Environmentꓽ Considering Green Logistics and Sustainable Tourism

Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2020 May 7;17(9):3254. doi: 10.3390/ijerph17093254.


The globalization process has yielded various undesirable consequences for the environment and society, including increased environmental pollution, climate change and the exhaustion and destruction of resources. The influence of these processes makes it difficult to guarantee citizens' rights to a clean environment, and the implementation of this right requires complex solutions. The aim of this integrative review article is to discuss the right to a clean environment, as it relates to green logistics and sustainable tourism, by analyzing various scientific and legal sources. Rethinking the possible solutions of green logistics for sustainable tourism, such as tourism mobilities, bicycle tourism, the co-creation of smart velomobility, walkability, and others, can help us also rethink how to balance, respect, protect, and enforce human rights in the present-day context of climate change challenges. The integrative review analysis shows the importance of seeking a balance between the context (the right to a clean environment), the challenge (climate change), and the solutions (green logistics solutions for sustainable tourism).

Keywords: climate change; green logistics solutions; right to a clean environment; sustainable tourism.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Climate Change*
  • Environmental Pollution*
  • Humans
  • Internationality
  • Sustainable Development
  • Travel*