Hypergolics in Carbon Nanomaterials Synthesis: New Paradigms and Perspectives

Molecules. 2020 May 8;25(9):2207. doi: 10.3390/molecules25092207.


Recently we have highlighted the importance of hypergolic reactions in carbon materials synthesis. In an effort to expand this topic with additional new paradigms, herein we present novel preparations of carbon nanomaterials, such-like carbon nanosheets and fullerols (hydroxylated fullerenes), through spontaneous ignition of coffee-sodium peroxide (Na2O2) and C60-Na2O2 hypergolic mixtures, respectively. In these cases, coffee and fullerenes played the role of the combustible fuel, whereas sodium peroxide the role of the strong oxidizer (e.g., source of highly concentrated H2O2). The involved reactions are both thermodynamically and kinetically favoured, thus allowing rapid product formation at ambient conditions. In addition, we provide tips on how to exploit the released energy of such highly exothermic reactions in the generation of useful work.

Keywords: carbon nanosheets; fullerols; hypergolic reactions; sodium peroxide; useful energy.

MeSH terms

  • Fullerenes / chemistry*
  • Oxidation-Reduction
  • Peroxides / chemistry


  • Fullerenes
  • Peroxides
  • sodium peroxide