A Smart Sensor-Based Measurement System for Advanced Bee Hive Monitoring

Sensors (Basel). 2020 May 10;20(9):2726. doi: 10.3390/s20092726.


The widespread decline of honey bee (Apis mellifera L.) colonies registered in recent years has raised great attention to the need of gathering deeper knowledge about this phenomenon, by observing the colonies' activity to identify possible causes, and design corresponding countermeasures. In fact, honey bees have well-known positive effects on both the environment and human life, and their preservation becomes critical not only for ecological reasons, but also for the social and economic development of rural communities. Smart sensor systems are being developed for real-time and long-term measurement of relevant parameters related to beehive conditions, such as the hive weight, sounds emitted by the bees, temperature, humidity, and CO 2 inside the beehive, as well as weather conditions outside. This paper presents a multisensor platform designed to measure the aforementioned parameters from beehives deployed in the field, and shows how the fusion of different sensor measurements may provide insights on the status of the colony, its interaction with the surrounding environment, and the influence of climatic conditions.

Keywords: beehives monitoring; real-time monitoring; sound measurement; temperature and humidity measurement; weight measurement.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Bees*
  • Environmental Monitoring
  • Humidity
  • Temperature