Importation and early local transmission of COVID-19 in Brazil, 2020

Rev Inst Med Trop Sao Paulo. 2020;62:e30. doi: 10.1590/s1678-9946202062030. Epub 2020 May 11.

Abstract

We conducted the genome sequencing and analysis of the first confirmed COVID-19 infections in Brazil. Rapid sequencing coupled with phylogenetic analyses in the context of travel history corroborate multiple independent importations from Italy and local spread during the initial stage of COVID-19 transmission in Brazil.

MeSH terms

  • Aged
  • Betacoronavirus / genetics*
  • Brazil / epidemiology
  • COVID-19
  • Communicable Diseases, Imported / epidemiology
  • Communicable Diseases, Imported / transmission*
  • Communicable Diseases, Imported / virology
  • Coronavirus Infections / epidemiology
  • Coronavirus Infections / transmission*
  • Humans
  • Middle Aged
  • Pandemics*
  • Phylogeny
  • Pneumonia, Viral / epidemiology
  • Pneumonia, Viral / transmission*
  • Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction
  • SARS-CoV-2