Family Integrated Care for Preterm Infants

Crit Care Nurs Clin North Am. 2020 Jun;32(2):149-165. doi: 10.1016/j.cnc.2020.01.001. Epub 2020 Mar 31.


Parent-infant separation is a major source of stress for parents of hospitalized preterm infants and has negative consequences for infant health and development. Family Integrated Care (FICare) uses a strengths-based approach, based on family-centered care principles to promote parental empowerment, learning, shared decision making, and positive parent-infant caregiving experiences. Outcomes of FICare include increased self-efficacy upon discharge and improved parent-infant relationships and infant developmental outcomes. In this article, the authors describe the FICare model and emerging evidence regarding outcomes of FICare for infants and families and discuss challenges and opportunities in implementing and maintaining high-quality FICare.

Keywords: Family integrated care; Family-centered care; Neonatal intensive care unit; Parent; Preterm infant.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Critical Care Nursing*
  • Decision Making, Shared
  • Delivery of Health Care, Integrated*
  • Family Nursing / trends*
  • Humans
  • Infant
  • Infant, Newborn
  • Infant, Premature*
  • Intensive Care Units, Neonatal*
  • Parents / education
  • Patient Discharge