A new cytotoxic agent designated as 2-epi-anthracimycin (1) was isolated along with anthracimycin and anthracimycin B (2-demethylanthracimycin) from the culture broth of the marine-derived actinomycete Streptomyces sp. OPMA00631. The structure of 1 was elucidated based on spectroscopic analyses (1D and 2D NMR data and ROESY correlations). Compound 1 exhibited cytotoxicity against Jurkat cells with an IC50 value of 50.5 μM in 20 h. The effect of 1 on the cell cycle distribution of Jurkat cells was investigated. Compound 1 (7.80 μM) increased G1 phase cells from 51.1 to 62.0% and conversely, decreased G2 and M phase cells from 30.7 to 19.3 % in 20 h. At a higher concentration, 1 (250 μM) markedly increased subG1 phase cells (1.9% at 0 h to 16.5% at 20 h), while the proportion of G1 phase cells was maintained (62.3%). These results suggest that 1 exhibits cytotoxicity against Jurkat cells by arresting the cell cycle at the G1 phase.