This chapter focuses on premalignant and malignant diseases of the endometrium (lining of the uterus). Endometrial carcinoma is the most common gynecologic cancer in the United States. Women have a 1 in 40 lifetime risk of being diagnosed with endometrial cancer, the fourth most common malignancy among women. An estimated 61,880 new diagnoses of uterine cancer and 12,160 deaths from the disease occurred in 2019 in the United States (American Cancer Society, Facts & Figures, https://www.cdc.gov/cancer/uterine/statistics/index.htm , 2019).
Keywords: Genetics; Histology; Management; Ovarian cancer; Pathophysiology; Surveillance; Treatment.