Static Wettability of Differently Mechanically Treated and Amphiphobic-Coated Aluminium Surfaces

Materials (Basel). 2020 May 13;13(10):2240. doi: 10.3390/ma13102240.


Wettability, roughness and surface treatment methods are essential for the majority of practical applications, where liquid-solid surface interactions take place. The present study experimentally investigated the influence of different mechanical surface treatment methods on the static wettability of uncoated and amphiphobic-coated aluminium alloy (AlMg3) samples, specially focusing on the interaction between surface finishing and coating. Five different surfaces were prepared: as-received substrate, polished, sandpapered, fleece-abraded and sandblasted. After characterisation, the samples were spray-coated using an amphiphobic coating. The characterisation of the uncoated and coated samples involved measurements of the roughness parameters and the apparent contact angles of demineralized water and rapeseed oil. The coating was initially characterised regarding its adhesion to the sample and elevated temperature stability. The applied surface treatments resulted in the scattered sample roughness in the range of Sa = 0.3-15.8 µm, water contact angles of θ a p , w = 78°-106° and extremely low oil contact angles. Coating the samples more than doubled the surface roughness to Sa = 13.3-29 µm, whereas the initial surface treatment properties (structure, anisotropy, etc.) were entirely repressed by the coating properties. Coating led the water contact angles to increase to θ a p , w _ c o a t e d = 162°-173° and even more pronounced oil contact angles to increase to θ a p , o _ c o a t e d = 139°-150°, classifying the surfaces as superhydrophobic and oleophobic.

Keywords: amphiphobic; contact angle; roughness; superhydrophobic; surface treatment; wettability.