4D-BIM-Based Workspace Planning for Temporary Safety Facilities in Construction SMEs

Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2020 May 13;17(10):3403. doi: 10.3390/ijerph17103403.


Temporary safety facilities (TSFs) are an essential support system providing necessary protection to workers during construction activities, which are targeted towards preventing the occurrence of incidents and accidents at the construction site; however, the schedule and location of installation and demolition of TSFs continue to rely on labor experience, and are often omitted from formal drawings or documents. This results in thousands of accidents in the construction industry, especially in construction small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) because of their several limiting factors; therefore, this study proposes automatic workspace planning for TSFs based on construction activities, which is a systematized approach for construction SMEs to practice occupational health and safety (OHS). By using building information modeling (BIM) and add-in algorithm, safety facilities can be simulated and visualized to integrate into the designated workspace. The developed system was implemented utilizing 4D-BIM for TSFs installation and validated with a case study on a residential building project. The result revealed that the visualized TSF produces a better understanding of safety measures with regard to project schedule. Additionally, TSFs workspace planning provides an affordable approach that motivates safety practices among the SMEs; consequently, the effectiveness of construction safety measures and their management is enhanced appreciably.

Keywords: 4D-BIM; safety management; safety planning; temporary safety facilities (TSFs); workspace planning.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Accidents, Occupational
  • Construction Industry*
  • Humans
  • Occupational Health*
  • Safety