Objective: To determine if natural language processing (NLP) improves detection of nonsevere hypoglycemia (NSH) in patients with type 2 diabetes and no NSH documentation by diagnosis codes and to measure if NLP detection improves the prediction of future severe hypoglycemia (SH).
Research design and methods: From 2005 to 2017, we identified NSH events by diagnosis codes and NLP. We then built an SH prediction model.
Results: There were 204,517 patients with type 2 diabetes and no diagnosis codes for NSH. Evidence of NSH was found in 7,035 (3.4%) of patients using NLP. We reviewed 1,200 of the NLP-detected NSH notes and confirmed 93% to have NSH. The SH prediction model (C-statistic 0.806) showed increased risk with NSH (hazard ratio 4.44; P < 0.001). However, the model with NLP did not improve SH prediction compared with diagnosis code-only NSH.
Conclusions: Detection of NSH improved with NLP in patients with type 2 diabetes without improving SH prediction.
© 2020 by the American Diabetes Association.