Assessing the effects of metropolitan-wide quarantine on the spread of COVID-19 in public space and households

Int J Infect Dis. 2020 Jul;96:503-505. doi: 10.1016/j.ijid.2020.05.019. Epub 2020 May 8.

Abstract

Hubei province in China has completed cycle of quarantine-resumption in 23rd Janauary and 8th April 2020, providing a unique opportunity as for now to assess its intervention impact and the pattern of SARS-COV-2 transmission during the quarantine period. In this study, we evaluate the impact of the metropolitan-wide quarantine on the trend and transmission route of the COVID-19 epidemic in Hubei, China. The intervention reduces more than 70% of new infections in both households and the public space, as well as the deaths caused by COVID-19 pneumonia. Household transmission is the dominant route of disease spread regardless of quarantine. This will provide important evidence and scientific insights to other worldwide countries that are currently under quarantine.

Keywords: COVID-19; Households; Metropolitan-wide quarantine; Public space.

MeSH terms

  • Betacoronavirus*
  • China / epidemiology
  • Coronavirus Infections / epidemiology
  • Coronavirus Infections / prevention & control*
  • Humans
  • Pandemics / prevention & control*
  • Pneumonia, Viral / epidemiology
  • Pneumonia, Viral / prevention & control*
  • Quarantine

Supplementary concepts

  • COVID-19
  • severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2