Mitochondrial biogenesis: a potential therapeutic target for osteoarthritis

Osteoarthritis Cartilage. 2020 Aug;28(8):1003-1006. doi: 10.1016/j.joca.2020.03.018. Epub 2020 May 14.

Abstract

Mitochondrial dysfunction of human articular chondrocytes is considered a hallmark of cartilage degradation and OA pathogenesis. Due to the huge number of cellular processes in which mitochondria is implicated, even in the closed context of cellular respiration, the term mitochondrial function can refer to a variety of features which include fusion and fission, turnover (biogenesis and mitophagy), and plasticity. Mitochondrial biogenesis and mainly mitochondrial fusion and reduced mitophagy, contribute to the metabolic disorder and inflammation that occurs during OA. Reduced MFN2 and increased PARKIN expression represent potential therapeutic targets for the treatment of joint cartilage degradation during the OA process.

Keywords: Mfn2; Mitochondrial dynamics; Osteoarthritis.

Publication types

  • Editorial
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Comment

MeSH terms

  • Cartilage, Articular*
  • Chondrocytes
  • Humans
  • Mitophagy
  • Organelle Biogenesis
  • Osteoarthritis*