Spontaneous coronary artery dissection in Spain: clinical and angiographic characteristics, management, and in-hospital events

Rev Esp Cardiol (Engl Ed). 2021 Jan;74(1):15-23. doi: 10.1016/j.rec.2020.04.002. Epub 2020 May 14.
[Article in English, Spanish]


Introduction and objectives: Spontaneous coronary artery dissection (SCAD) is an uncommon cause of acute coronary syndrome. The characteristics and in-hospital clinical course of patients with SCAD in Spain remain unknown.

Methods: We present data from consecutive patients included in the national prospective SCAD registry. Angiographic analysis was performed in a centralized core laboratory.

Results: Between June 2015 and April 2019, we included 318 patients with SCAD (358 lesions) from 31 centers. Median age was 53 years, and 88% were women. The most frequent presentation was non-ST-segment elevation acute myocardial infarction (53%). The most frequently involved artery was the left anterior descending coronary artery (44%), predominantly affecting the distal segments (39%) and secondary branches (54%). Most lesions (62%) appeared on angiography as intramural hematoma, without double lumen. Conservative management was selected as the initial approach in most patients (78%). During the index admission, 6% of patients had a major adverse event and 4 patients (1.3%) died. Independent predictors of adverse events were initial management with percutaneous coronary intervention (OR, 5.97; P=.004) and angiographic presentation as intramural hematoma (OR, 4.96; P=.028).

Conclusions: In Spain, SCAD affects mainly middle-aged women. In most patients, the initial management strategy was conservative with excellent in-hospital survival. Initial management with percutaneous coronary intervention and angiographic presentation as intramural hematoma were related to the presence of in-hospital adverse events. Registered at ClnicalTrials.gov (Identifier: NCT03607981).

Keywords: Acute coronary syndrome; Coronary artery disease; Disección coronaria espontánea; Enfermedad coronaria; Spontaneous coronary artery dissection; Síndrome coronario agudo.

MeSH terms

  • Coronary Angiography
  • Coronary Vessel Anomalies* / diagnostic imaging
  • Coronary Vessel Anomalies* / epidemiology
  • Coronary Vessels / diagnostic imaging
  • Dissection
  • Female
  • Hospitals
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Prospective Studies
  • Spain / epidemiology

Associated data

  • ClinicalTrials.gov/NCT03607981