This study investigated the protective effects of pu-erh tea extract (PTE) on alcohol-induced microbiomic and metabolomic disorders. In chronic alcohol-exposed mice, PTE ameliorated chronic alcoholic consumption-induced oxidative stress, inflammation, lipid accumulation, and liver and colon damage through modulating microbiomic and metabolomic responses. PTE restored the alcohol-induced fecal microbiota dysbiosis by elevating the relative abundance of potentially beneficial bacteria, for example, Bifidobacterium and Allobaculum, and decreasing the relative abundance of potentially harmful bacteria, for example, Helicobacter and Bacteroides. The alcohol-induced metabolomic disorder was modulated by PTE, which was characterized by regulations of lipid metabolism (sphingolipid, glycerophospholipid, and linoleic acid metabolism), amino acid metabolism (phenylalanine and tryptophan metabolism), and purine metabolism. Besides, the bacterial metabolites of phytochemicals in PTE might contribute to the protective effects of PTE. Overall, PTE could be a functional beverage to treat chronic alcohol consumption-induced microbiomic and metabolomic disorders.
Keywords: Camellia sinensis; Pu-erh tea; alcoholic liver damage; metabolism; microbiota.