Method for measurement of bacillithiol redox potential changes using the Brx-roGFP2 redox biosensor in Staphylococcus aureus

MethodsX. 2020 Apr 24;7:100900. doi: 10.1016/j.mex.2020.100900. eCollection 2020.


Recent advances in the design of genetically encoded redox biosensors, such as redox-sensitive GFP (roGFP) have facilitated the real-time imaging of the intracellular redox potential in eukaryotic cells at high sensitivity and at spatiotemporal resolution. To increase the specificity of roGFP2 for the interaction with the glutathione (GSH)/ glutathione disulfide (GSSG) redox couple, roGFP2 has been fused to glutaredoxin (Grx) to construct the Grx-roGFP2 biosensor. We have previously designed the related Brx-roGFP2 redox biosensor for dynamic measurement of the bacillithiol redox potential (E BSH) in the human pathogen Staphylococcus aureus. Here, we describe the detailed method for measurements of the oxidation degree (OxD) of the Brx-roGFP2 biosensor in S. aureus using the microplate reader. In particularly, we provide details for determination of the E BSH changes during the growth and after oxidative stress. For future biosensor applications at the single cell level, we recommend the design of genome-encoded roGFP2 biosensors enabling stable expression and fluorescence in bacteria.•Brx-roGFP2 is specific for measurements of the bacillithiol redox potential in Staphylococcus aureus cells•Control samples for fully reduced and oxidized states of Brx-roGFP2 are required for calibration during OxD measurements•Easy to measure fluorescence excitation intensities at the 405 and 488 nm excitation maxima using microplate readers.

Keywords: Bacillithiol; Genetically encoded roGFP2 biosensors; Microplate reader measurements; Staphylococcus aureus.