Adolescent Substance Abuse

Prim Care. 2020 Jun;47(2):383-394. doi: 10.1016/j.pop.2020.02.013. Epub 2020 Feb 21.


Adolescent substance abuse is America's #1 public health problem as per the National Center on Addiction and Substance Abuse. People are most likely to begin abusing drugs during adolescence, and the longer adolescents defer experimentation, the less likely they are to develop long-term drug abuse problems. The CRAFFT and DAST questionnaires are brief, reliable tools for adolescent substance abuse screening. Health care professionals can help continue low adolescent substance utilization rate by having open conversations with adolescents regarding all substances and medications, including illicit substances.

Keywords: Addiction; Alcohol; Marijuana; Opioids; Stimulants; Substance abuse; Substance use disorder; Vaping.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adolescent Health
  • Humans
  • Mass Screening / organization & administration
  • Primary Health Care / organization & administration*
  • Risk Factors
  • Substance-Related Disorders / diagnosis*
  • Substance-Related Disorders / epidemiology*
  • Substance-Related Disorders / physiopathology