Association between Serum Vitamin C and the Blood Pressure: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Observational Studies

Cardiovasc Ther. 2020 Apr 29;2020:4940673. doi: 10.1155/2020/4940673. eCollection 2020.

Abstract

Background: Hypertension is regarded as a major and independent risk factor of cardiovascular diseases, and numerous studies observed an inverse correlation between vitamin C intake and blood pressure.

Aim: Our aim is to investigate the relationship between serum vitamin C and blood pressure, including the concentration differences and the correlation strength.

Method: Two independent researchers searched and screened articles from the National Library of Medicine, Cochrane Library, Web of Science, China National Knowledge Infrastructure, VIP databases, and WANFANG databases. A total of 18 eligible studies were analyzed in the Reviewer Manager 5.3 software, including 14 English articles and 4 Chinese articles.

Results: In the evaluation of serum vitamin C levels, the concentration in hypertensive subjects is 15.13 μmol/L lower than the normotensive ones (mean difference = -15.13, 95% CI [-24.19, -6.06], and P = 0.001). Serum vitamin C has a significant inverse relation with both systolic blood pressure (Fisher's Z = -0.17, 95% CI [-0.20, -0.15], P < 0.00001) and diastolic blood pressure (Fisher's Z = -0.15, 95% CI [-0.20, -0.10], P < 0.00001).

Conclusions: People with hypertension have a relatively low serum vitamin C, and vitamin C is inversely associated with both systolic blood pressure and diastolic blood pressure.

Publication types

  • Meta-Analysis
  • Systematic Review

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Ascorbic Acid / blood*
  • Biomarkers / blood
  • Blood Pressure*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Hypertension / diagnosis
  • Hypertension / epidemiology
  • Hypertension / physiopathology*
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Observational Studies as Topic
  • Risk Assessment
  • Risk Factors
  • Vitamin D Deficiency / blood*
  • Vitamin D Deficiency / diagnosis
  • Vitamin D Deficiency / epidemiology
  • Young Adult

Substances

  • Biomarkers
  • Ascorbic Acid