Collaborative Development of Core Entrustable Professional Activities for Veterinary Education

J Vet Med Educ. 2020 Oct;47(5):607-618. doi: 10.3138/jvme.2019-0090. Epub 2020 May 19.


Entrustable professional activities (EPAs) have been proposed as a practical framework for the implementation of competency-based education. As veterinary education moves toward a competency-based approach, core EPAs provide a context for assessment of workplace activities. This article reports on the development of eight core clinical EPAs for veterinary education created through multi-institutional collaboration, with international input from veterinary educators and veterinary educational leaders. These core EPAs are intended as minimal expectations for clinical activities that should be assessed for every graduate of Association of American Veterinary Medical Colleges member institutions. Adoption of the core EPAs and the associated Competency-Based Veterinary Education (CBVE) framework by veterinary schools is intended to promote Day One graduate competence and thereby enhance patient care and client service.

Keywords: EPA; clinical assessment; competency-based medical education; competency-based veterinary education; entrustable professional activities; inter-institutional collaboration; workplace-based assessment.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Clinical Competence
  • Competency-Based Education
  • Education, Medical, Graduate
  • Education, Veterinary*
  • Educational Measurement
  • Internship and Residency*
  • Schools, Veterinary