Solute Carrier Family 37 Member 2 (SLC37A2) Negatively Regulates Murine Macrophage Inflammation by Controlling Glycolysis

iScience. 2020 May 22;23(5):101125. doi: 10.1016/j.isci.2020.101125. Epub 2020 May 4.


Increased flux of glucose through glycolysis is a hallmark of inflammatory macrophages and is essential for optimal effector functions. Solute carrier (SLC) 37A2 is an endoplasmic reticulum-anchored phosphate-linked glucose-6-phosphate transporter that is highly expressed in macrophages and neutrophils. We demonstrate that SLC37A2 plays a pivotal role in murine macrophage inflammatory activation and cellular metabolic rewiring. Toll-like receptor (TLR) 4 stimulation by lipopolysaccharide (LPS) rapidly increases macrophage SLC37A2 protein expression. SLC37A2 deletion reprograms macrophages to a hyper-glycolytic process and accelerates LPS-induced inflammatory cytokine production, which partially depends on nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD+) biosynthesis. Blockade of glycolysis normalizes the differential expression of pro-inflammatory cytokines between control and SLC37A2 deficient macrophages. Conversely, overexpression of SLC37A2 lowers macrophage glycolysis and significantly reduces LPS-induced pro-inflammatory cytokine expression. In conclusion, our study suggests that SLC37A2 dampens murine macrophage inflammation by down-regulating glycolytic reprogramming as a part of macrophage negative feedback system to curtail acute innate activation.

Keywords: Cell Biology; Functional Aspects of Cell Biology; Immunology; Metabolism.