A single-center prospective observational study on the effect of trimodal prehabilitation in colorectal surgery

Cir Esp (Engl Ed). 2020 Dec;98(10):605-611. doi: 10.1016/j.ciresp.2020.03.023. Epub 2020 May 17.
[Article in English, Spanish]


Introduction: A trimodal prehabilitation protocol was designed with the aim to evaluate whether it contributes to reducing postoperative morbidity, to evaluate the effect of prehabilitation on overall hospital stay, and to analyze the evolution of functional capacity before and after surgery.

Methods: A single-center observational study of patients with colorectal cancer who underwent surgery with curative intent after a trimodal prehabilitation protocol. We collected data for postoperative morbidity according to the Comprehensive Complication Index and hospital stay, which were compared with a historical matrix. Functional capacity data were also collected before and after the application of the prehabilitation protocol.

Results: Compared to the historical population, the overall Comprehensive Complication Index was reduced from 13.2 to 11.5, which was statistically significant. Analyzed by morbidity type, all decreased in percentage, although without achieving significance (surgical site infection from 11.7% to 8.4%, nosocomial infection 15.8 to 10% and medical morbidity 8.6% to 4.2%). The overall hospital stay went from 6 to 4 days, and the decrease in the percentage of patients who prepared at home was statistically significant in both cases.

Conclusions: Trimodal prehabilitation can contribute to lowering the postoperative morbidity and overall hospital stay of patients undergoing colorectal cancer surgery.

Keywords: Adverse effect; Cirugía cáncer colorrectal; Colorectal cancer surgery; Comprehensive Complication Index; Comprehensive complication index; Efecto adverso; Estancia hospitalaria; Hospital stay; Morbidity; Morbilidad; Prehabilitación trimodal; Trimodal prehabilitation.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Observational Study

MeSH terms

  • Aged
  • Colorectal Neoplasms / rehabilitation*
  • Colorectal Neoplasms / surgery
  • Colorectal Surgery / methods
  • Colorectal Surgery / statistics & numerical data*
  • Cross Infection / epidemiology
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Length of Stay / statistics & numerical data
  • Length of Stay / trends
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Morbidity / trends
  • Physical Functional Performance
  • Physical Therapy Modalities / adverse effects*
  • Physical Therapy Modalities / statistics & numerical data
  • Postoperative Complications / mortality
  • Postoperative Complications / prevention & control*
  • Preoperative Exercise / physiology*
  • Prospective Studies
  • Surgical Wound Infection / epidemiology