Differential expressions of L1-chimeric transcripts in normal and matched-cancer tissues

Anal Biochem. 2020 Jul 1:600:113769. doi: 10.1016/j.ab.2020.113769. Epub 2020 May 8.


L1s are a cis-regulatory elements and contain bidirectional internal promoters within the 5' untranslated region (UTR). L1s provide bidirectional promoters that generate alternative transcripts and affect differential expressions in the human genome. In particular, L1 antisense promoters (L1ASPs) could produce aberrant transcripts in cancer tissues compared to normal tissues. In this study, we identified the L1-chimeric transcripts derived from L1ASPs and analyzed relative expression of L1-chimeric transcripts between normal and matched-cancer tissues. First, we collected 425 L1-chimeric transcripts by referring to previous studies. Through the manual inspection, we identified 144 L1-chimeric transcripts derived from 44 L1 antisense promoters, suggesting that the antisense promoter acted as an alternative promoter. We analyzed relative gene expression levels of 16 L1-chimeric transcripts between matched cancer-normal tissue pair (lung, liver, gastric, kidney, thyroid, breast, ovary, uterus, and prostate) using real-time quantitative PCR (RT-qPCR) and investigated putative transcription factor binding motifs to determine activity of L1ASPs. Taken together, we propose that L1ASPs could contribute to the differential gene expression between normal and cancer tissues.

Keywords: Alternative splicing; Antisense promoters (ASPs); Gene expression; L1-chimeric transcripts; Long INterspersed elements (LINEs).

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Gene Expression Profiling
  • Humans
  • Long Interspersed Nucleotide Elements / genetics*
  • Neoplasms / genetics*
  • Promoter Regions, Genetic / genetics
  • Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction
  • Transcription, Genetic / genetics