Skip to main page content
Access keys NCBI Homepage MyNCBI Homepage Main Content Main Navigation
. 2020 May 5;11:808.
doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2020.00808. eCollection 2020.

Toward a Definition of the Linguistic Profile of Children With Autism Spectrum Disorder

Affiliations
Free PMC article

Toward a Definition of the Linguistic Profile of Children With Autism Spectrum Disorder

Andrea Marini et al. Front Psychol. .
Free PMC article

Abstract

The current investigation assessed linguistic and narrative abilities in a cohort of children with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD). The linguistic assessment was performed with both traditional tests and a multilevel procedure for discourse analysis. The results showed difficulties at different stages of message planning, organization, and microlinguistic processing (i.e., lexical selection and grammatical processing). Their macrolinguistic impairments were likely related to more general difficulties in the prelinguistic conceptual phase of message planning and mental model generation. Such weaknesses included a difficulty in the non-verbal conceptualization of the story and the generation of an internal representation of the addressee's mental model.

Keywords: Autism Spectrum Disorder; developmental neuropsychology; language; narrative analysis; neurolinguistics.

Figures

FIGURE 1
FIGURE 1
Mean z-scores and 95% CIs for the scores assessing lexical skills in children with ASD in relation to normative data.
FIGURE 2
FIGURE 2
Mean z-scores and 95% CIs for the scores assessing grammatical skills in children with ASD in relation to normative data.
FIGURE 3
FIGURE 3
Mean z-scores and 95% CIs for the scores assessing narrative skills in children with ASD in relation to normative data.

Similar articles

See all similar articles

References

    1. Allen D. A., Rapin I. (1992). “Autistic children are also dysphasic,” in Neurobiology of Infantile Autism, eds Naruse H., Ornitz R., editors. (Amsterdam: Excerpta Medica; ), 73–80.
    1. American Psychiatric Association (2013). Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 5th Edn Washington, D.C: American Psychiatric Association.
    1. Arnold J. E., Bennetto L., Diehl J. J. (2009). Reference production in young speakers with and without ASD: effects of discourse status and processing constraints. Cognition 110 131–146. 10.1016/j.cognition.2008.10.016 - DOI - PMC - PubMed
    1. Asperger H. (1944/1991). “Autistic psychopathy in childhood,” in Autism and Asperger Syndrome, ed. Frith U., editor. (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press; ), 37–92.
    1. Baixauli I., Colomer C., Roselló B., Miranda A. (2016). Narratives of children with high-functioning autism spectrum disorder: a meta-analysis. Res. Dev. Disabil. 59 234–254. 10.1016/j.ridd.2016.09.007 - DOI - PubMed

LinkOut - more resources

Feedback