Peri-interventional Behavior of the Neutrophil to Lymphocyte Ratio in Patients with Intracranial Aneurysms

World Neurosurg. 2020 Sep:141:e223-e230. doi: 10.1016/j.wneu.2020.05.084. Epub 2020 May 17.

Abstract

Objective: The neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) has been investigated as an independent predictive marker for clinical outcomes in vascular diseases. This study aimed to investigate the peri-interventional behavior of the NLR in patients with ruptured and unruptured intracranial aneurysms (IAs).

Methods: A total of 117 patients with IAs, who were treated at our department and had available complete data, were retrospectively identified during a 10-year period. Routine laboratory parameters, including the neutrophil and lymphocytes counts, were evaluated before and after treatment.

Results: The baseline NLR showed significant differences between patients with ruptured and unruptured IAs (6.3 vs. 1.8; P < 0.001). In patients with ruptured IAs, the baseline NLR decreased significantly during the follow-up visits, whereas in unruptured IAs, the NLR remained low. Furthermore, higher baseline NLR values could also be observed in patients with ruptured IAs and fatal outcome than in surviving patients (8.0 vs. 5.4; P = 0.220). In patients with poor functional outcome, defined as modified Rankin score ≥3, the NLR was significantly higher before treatment (P = 0.047), at day 10 (P = 0.025), and 1 month after treatment (P = 0.001).

Conclusions: The peri-interventional NLR was significantly different between patients with ruptured and unruptured IAs. In patients with ruptured IAs, elevated baseline NLR levels were associated with poor postoperative functional outcomes and decreased postoperatively, implying the potential prognostic value of NLR in patients with IAs.

Keywords: Intracranial aneurysm; NLR; Neutrophil to lymphocyte ratio; Prognostic score.

MeSH terms

  • Aged
  • Aneurysm, Ruptured / pathology
  • Aneurysm, Ruptured / surgery*
  • Endovascular Procedures / methods
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Intracranial Aneurysm / pathology
  • Intracranial Aneurysm / surgery*
  • Lymphocytes / pathology*
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Neutrophils / pathology*
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Risk Factors