Decline in Child Vaccination Coverage During the COVID-19 Pandemic - Michigan Care Improvement Registry, May 2016-May 2020

MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. 2020 May 22;69(20):630-631. doi: 10.15585/mmwr.mm6920e1.


On March 13, 2020, the United States declared a national state of emergency to control the pandemic spread of SARS-CoV-2, the virus that causes coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) (1). Public health response measures to mitigate the pandemic have centered on social distancing and quarantine policies, including shelter-in-place and stay-at-home orders. Michigan implemented a stay-at-home order on March 23, 2020, to facilitate social distancing (2). Such strategies might result in decreased accessibility to routine immunization services, leaving children at risk for vaccine-preventable diseases and their complications (3). To evaluate whether vaccination coverage has changed during the pandemic, data from the Michigan Care Improvement Registry (the state's immunization information system) (MCIR) were analyzed. Changes in vaccine doses administered to children and the effects of those changes on up-to-date status were examined for vaccinations recommended at milestone ages corresponding to the end of an Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP) recommendation period for one or more vaccines (4).

MeSH terms

  • COVID-19
  • Child, Preschool
  • Coronavirus Infections / epidemiology*
  • Humans
  • Infant
  • Michigan / epidemiology
  • Pandemics*
  • Pneumonia, Viral / epidemiology*
  • Quality Improvement
  • Registries
  • Vaccination Coverage / statistics & numerical data*