Hematopoiesis is a system that provides red blood cells (RBCs), leukocytes, and platelets, which are essential for oxygen transport, biodefense, and hemostasis; its balance thus affects the outcome of various disorders. Here, we report that stem cell antigen-1 (Sca-1), a cell surface marker commonly used for the identification of multipotent hematopoietic progenitors (Lin-Sca-1+c-Kit+ cells; LSKs), is not suitable for the analysis of hematopoietic responses under biological stresses with interferon production. Lin-Sca-1-c-Kit+ cells (LKs), downstream progenitors of LSKs, acquire Sca-1 expression upon inflammation, which makes it impossible to distinguish between LSKs and LKs. As an alternative and stable marker even under such stresses, we identified CD86 by screening 180 surface markers. The analysis of infection/inflammation-triggered hematopoiesis on the basis of CD86 expression newly revealed urgent erythropoiesis producing stress-resistant RBCs and intact reconstitution capacity of LSKs, which could not be detected by conventional Sca-1-based analysis.
© 2020 by The American Society of Hematology.