Background: We report two resected cases of solitary fibrous tumors (SFT) that were accidentally found in the pelvic cavity.
Case presentation: Case 1 was a 54-year-old male. A colonoscopy for the examination of intestinal polyps revealed an extramural tumor in the right anterior wall of the low rectum. A preoperative MRI showed a well-demarcated T1 low and T2 mixed intensity extramural tumor (53 × 36 mm) located right lateral to the low rectum and behind the seminal vesicle. Laparoscopic surgery was successful for tumor extirpation. Immunohistochemical examination of the specimen revealed STAT6 (+) and CD34 (+) cells, a Ki67 positivity of 7-8%, a mitotic index of 4-5/50 HPF, and a diagnosis of SFT. There was no recurrence 29 months after surgery. Using RT-PCR and sequencing, we detected the NAB2-STAT6 fusion gene but the locus of genomic inversion was not detected. Case 2 was a 43-year-old male that received conservative treatment for appendicitis. A CT scan accidentally revealed a tumor of 40 mm of length in the left obturator area. A MRI revealed a well-demarcated T1 and T2 high intensity tumor. The patient underwent surgical biopsy. Immunohistochemical examination of the biopsy revealed STAT6 (+) and CD34 (+) cells, Ki67 positive cells < 1%, and a diagnosis of SFT. We could not detect the NAB2-STAT6 fusion gene in the extirpated tumor.
Conclusions: Two cases of pelvic SFT were diagnosed by immunohistochemical examination, RT-PCR and sequencing and successfully resected by laparoscopic surgery.
Keywords: Fusion gene; Laparoscopic surgery; Pelvic tumor; STAT6; Solitary fibrous tumor.
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