The Term Equity in Education: A Literature Review with Scientific Mapping in Web of Science

Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2020 May 18;17(10):3526. doi: 10.3390/ijerph17103526.


The term "equity" (EQUI) is a complex concept to be defined, because it depends on many factors, mainly political ideals. The objective of this research is to determine the evolution and development of the term equity in education by the scientific community. The main objective is to identify the scientific production and performance of the term equity in the field of education. The research method developed is based on bibliometrics, specifically on the technique of scientific mapping, and a process of quantification, analysis, evaluation and estimation of scientific documents was developed. The results indicate there is no established line of research or strong connections between the themes. This shows the existing variety of research on the term equity. Thus, the trend in research on the term equity is focused on the early periods of study on the students' diversity in order to evolve to more concrete and specific aspects of equity, such as gender and race. It is concluded that the theoretical framework of reference shows how equity should be incorporated into the education system under the parameters of equal opportunities, of equality in access to higher education, regardless of gender or socio-cultural background.

Keywords: Web of Science; bibliometric analysis; education; equity; scientific mapping; scientific production.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Bibliometrics*
  • Education*
  • Financial Statements*
  • Humans
  • Students